The Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, including the Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary is situated in the Chittoor Taluk of Palakkad district. The total area covering this tiger reserve includes 391 square kilometers. The wildlife sanctuary was established in the year 1973. This wildlife sanctuary is situated in between 2 hills that means Anaimalai Hills and Nelliampathy hills. After February 2010 Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary became as the part of Parambikulam tiger reserve.
This wildlife sanctuary is also the home of 4 various tribal communities named Kadar, Malasar, Muduvar and Mala Malasar. The participatory Forest Management Scheme is currently run here. So the tribals could part in the tourism. The tribals are trained and made as tourist guides, trekking guides for the tourists who visit this tiger reserve. The altitude range of this tiger reserve is in between 300m and 1438m. There are 5 major peaks in this sanctuary. They are the Karimala Gopuram (southern boundary), Pandaravarai (north side), Kuchimudi and Vengoli Malai ( Eastern side) and Puliyarapadam ( west).
The 3 man-made reservoirs are also present in this wildlife sanctuary. The Thuvaiar waterfalls is also a part of Parmbikulam wildlife sanctuary. 3 major rivers the Parambikulam, Sholayar, and Thekkady are also situated in this place.
Ecotourism Activities At The Parambikulam Tiger Reserve
The following activities are held in the tiger reserve for tourists. All the activities are taking place in the buffer zones of the tiger reserve, that in order to protect the wildlife.
The forest trekking is one of the best experience that you will get here. The visitors can understand the nature in its own place. You will be accompanied by the forest guides during trekking. As stated earlier there will be guides from tribal communities who are experienced with the life of the forest. That is you need to contact the information center to get the guides.
You can go through the rivers inside the wildlife sanctuary using the bamboo boats. There will be oarsmen there to help you in Bamboo rafting. By this way there you could watch animals and birds, that visit the riverside for drinking water.
The Kannimara Thekku (Teak Tree)
World’s largest teak tree named Kannimara Thekku is located at the Thoonakkadavu. This is in the Parambikulam Tiger reserve and wildlife sanctuary. The history marks that this teak tree is of around 450 years. It has a height of 49.5m. The Indian Government gave the Mahavrishapuraskar for this tree. The tribals worship this tree here. There was a tramway to Cochin port to carry wood and right now it is abandoned. It’s massive size make it one of the best thing to watch in the sanctuary.
Biodiversity Of The Reserve
The following varieties of animals are seen in this wildlife sanctuary. Mammals include 39 species and that which you can see Nilgiri Tahr, Elephants, Indian leopards, Sambar, Flying squirrels, and lion-tailed Macaques. Since there living in the shelter provided by the mother nature, they will hide in the woods and it’s pretty difficult to find them during the trekking or safari time.
61 types of reptiles are seen here. In this King cobra, Travancore tortoise, western ghats flying lizards, Cochin cane turtle, Malabar pit viper, south Indian rock lizard, krait, green Keelback, mugger crocodile are some of the very special reptiles. As you all know that snakes like King Cobra and other varieties are really poisonous and if you are going towards their habitat please careful. You must give consideration to the words that your guide tells you.
You could also see fishes here. The 3 rivers flowing through this place contains 47 species of fishes. In this 7 of them are endangered and 17 of them are endemic to the Western Ghats.
This dense forest also contains various birds. 134 species are listed as rare birds and 18 of them are endemic to western ghats. Birds namely; The Adjutant stork, Grey-headed fish eagle, Pennisular bay owl, broad-billed roller and great pied hornbill are also seen here. Darter, black eagle, black-capped kingfisher, great Indian hornbill is also present in this forest.
34 rare and endemic butterflies are also present in Parambikulam Tiger reserve. A person with great enthusiasm could find them easily. Some of the rare amphibians are also a part of this sanctuary.
Guidelines For The Visitors
- The time to visit this wildlife sanctuary is in between 7 am – 6 pm.
- If you wish to stay they for trekking and other activities you should contact the forest information center for the place to stay. They are some treetop huts and other facilities but prior booking is mandatory.
- Please listen to guides and follow them for the best experience.
- Please don’t feed any of the wild animals that you see there.
- Don’t disturb the wildlife by loud noises.
- Liquor and smoking are not allowed here.
- Please carry enough drinking water before entering the trekking and safari.
- Please don’t put wastes there. Plastic is clearly banned here. So don’t put plastic wastes there.
- Pay the necessary fees to carry the camera.
- For breakfast, lunch or dinner you can use the food outlets there in the reserve. But you need to understand that there the menus are limited.
Hope that you got an idea about the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve wildlife sanctuary. On your next visit make sure that you include this place in your trip. The best travel partner Make Our Moments offers best tour packages. So don’t wait and hesitate, make use of the opportunity to visit the geographical diversity of the God’s own Country.